Honda 1.8L R18A/R18Z Engine Specs and More
The R18A is a member of the Honda R-series. It came to replace the D17 of the previous D engine family. This new 1.8-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine was launched with the 8G Civic in 2006.
The engine has an aluminum high-rigidity cylinder block with new lower block construction. Inside the engine block, there are forged, high-strength cracked connecting rods, a new high-rigidity, precision-balanced crankshaft, low-friction pistons with molybdenum disulfide applied in a polka-dot pattern, and piston cooling jets that cool the pistons with oil. The engine is equipped with a narrow and silent timing chain. The D-series had a timing belt instead of a chain. On top of the 1.8L R18, there is a 16-valve SOHC aluminum cylinder head. New head features four valves per cylinder (two intake and two exhaust valves), aluminum rocker arms, one chain-driven camshaft, and Honda i-VTEC system. Honda i-VTEC is intelligent variable valve timing and electronic lift control system that engaged at 3,500 rpm. The main purpose of that system is providing high fuel efficiency together with max performance. The R18 doesn't have hydraulic tappets (checking and adjusting valve clearance is needed every 25,000 miles or 40,000 km). The valve clearance for intake valves is 0.18-0.22 mm, for exhaust - 0.23-0.27 mm. The intake valve diameter is 32 mm, the exhaust - 26 mm. The valve stem diameter is 5.5 mm.
The intake system includes a variable-length intake manifold made from plastic and electronically controlled throttle body - Honda's DBW (Drive By Wire) system. The exhaust employs a 2-bed (2-stage) catalytic converter positioned immediately after the exhaust manifold. Thanks to these big improvements, the R18 engine is rated at California Air Resources Board (CARB) ULEV-2 (Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle). The i-VTEC system allows, when it's needed, to perform like a 2.0L engine while also delivering a fuel economy on a par with that of a 1.5-liter engine.
In 2012, the R18A was replaced by a modified version - the R18Z. It features an increased compression ratio of 10.6:1, i-VTEC system which could disable four intake valves at low rpm, and new settings for the variable intake manifold. The R18 also formed the basis of the 2.0L R20A engine.
10.6:1 - R18Z
R18A, R18Z Engine Problems and Reliability
1. Knocking sound. Usually, the Evap canister purge valve produces that sound, it is normal for the R18. Maybe also it's time to adjust the valve clearances.
2. The tensioner pulley of an accessory drive belt can produce some noise. Its life is rarely more than 60,000 miles (100,000 km).
3. Vibrations. If your engine is cold, some vibrations are ok. But if that continues all the time, check the left engine mount.
Using the recommended engine oil is essential. That will keep the i-VTEC system in good condition for a long time. The longevity of R18 is about 180,000 miles (300,000 km).
R18A1 - 141 hp (104 kW) at 6,300 rpm, 128 ft-lb (174 Nm) at 4,300 rpm. Application: Honda Civic, Honda FR-V, Honda City, and Honda Stream.
R18A2 - 140 hp (103 kW) at 6,300 rpm, 128 ft-lb (174 Nm) at 4,300 rpm. This engine was used in the European Honda Civic.
R18Z1 - 141 hp (104 kW) at 6,500 rpm, 128 ft-lb (174 Nm) at 4,300 rpm. The engine has a 10.6:1 compression ratio. You can find this engine in the ninth generation Honda Civic.
R18Z4. The engine has the same level of performance but with compression ratio of 10.5:1. It was used in the 9th Honda Civic available on European market.
R18Z6 - R18Z1 adaptation for the Honda Jade model.
R18Z9 - the same R18Z1 engine for Honda HR-V.
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