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Cummins ISB 6.7L Engine Specs and More

ISB 6.7L Engine

Cummins ISB 6.7-liter straight-six turbodiesel engine is the latest and biggest version of the B series. The ISB 6.7 is also the most powerful diesel engine produced by Cummins (350 hp and 650 lb-ft of torque) for light/medium-duty trucks.

Its predecessor, the ISB 5.9, has been produced almost ten years. It was outdated at that moment and depleted the limits of possibilities for improvements in terms of fuel consumption and emissions. The market needed a new engine for medium-duty trucks and buses and the ISB 6.7 engine became the answer for that. The 6.7 ISB had an increased cylinder bore (4.21 inches or 106.9 mm) and piston stroke (4.88 inches or 124.0 mm). That allowed to increase its displacement to 6.7 liters (408 cubic inches). The engine block is still made from cast iron. On top of the block, there is a 24-valve cast iron cylinder head similar to the ISB 5.9. The difference between ISB 5.9 and 6.7 cylinder head is the ISB6.7 head has holes (Sensor Hole Style head) from the air intake plenum side. There are many changes over the previous 5.9 version, but the general design was kept the same as the last generation of B5.9. The 6.7L Cummins engine had high-pressure Common Rail fuel injection system, electronically controlled fuel injection pump, and new equipment for emissions reduction.

The new version was designed guided by stricter requirements on Federal emissions regulations. When it was released in 2007, the engine was the first Cummins diesel which was equipped with a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The DPF filter cleans the exhaust gases from soot by more than 90 percent. A diesel particulate filter has a ceramic matrix, which filters soot particles and regenerates them under high temperature, heated by exhaust gases. Also, the engine had the exhaust gas recirculation system (EGR) with cooling. In the 2010 model year, the engine received an additional DEF (diesel exhaust fluid), SCR (selective catalytic reduction), and EGR cooler. The DEF fluid is injected inside the DPF to help regeneration process of soot at the lower temperature. So 2 liters of DEF is consumed for every 100 liters of diesel fuel.

Holset HE351VE variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) is another interesting new feature of the engine. This turbocharger can block exhaust flow to increase temperatures inside the DPF, which reduces emission levels. The VGT also has the integrated exhaust brake function. It does the engine braking by restricting exhaust flow. All ISB6.7 engines are equipped with an air-to-air intercooler.

The improvement process has never been stopped during the last ten years of production, so the 2017 model year engines are able to produce up to 900 lb-ft of torque. The ISB6.7 also was laid into the basis of the smaller version - ISB4.5 (a 4.5-liter straight four-cylinder turbodiesel engine).

Engine Specs

Manufacturer
Cummins
Production years
2007- current
Cylinder block material
Cast Iron
Cylinder head material
Cast Iron
Fuel type
Diesel
Fuel system
Direct injection, electronically controlled Bosch high pressure common rail injection.
Configuration
Inline
Number of cylinders
6
Valves per cylinder
4
Valvetrain layout
OHV
Bore, mm
4.21 inch, 106.9 mm
Stroke, mm
4.88 inch, 124 mm
Displacement, cc
408 cubic inches, 6.7 liters
Type of internal combustion engine
Four-stroke, turbocharged
Compression Ratio
17.3 : 1
Power, hp
305-385 hp /2,800-3,000
Torque, lb ft
610-900 lb-ft (827-1220 Nm)/1,500-1,700
Engine weight
1050-1150 lbs, 476-522 kg, dry
Firing order
1-5-3-6-2-4
Engine oil weight
SAE 15W40 diesel oil
Engine oil capacity, liter
12 qts (11.4 liters) with filter.
Oil change interval, mile
15,000 (24,000 km) or 6 month (7,500 miles or 6 months for 2007.5 - 2012 model years).
Applications
Dodge Ram pickup trucks, buses, medium duty trucks

ISB6.7 Reliability, Problems, and Failure

The 6.7 ISB has become the most reliable Cummins B engine to date. In stock form, the failure rates are meager. The common problems are related to emissions equipment and common rail injection. The EGR system is prone to clogging and that issue is typical to all engines equipped with EGR. The DPF longevity is about 100,000 miles. Some owners prefer to install DPF aftermarket delete kits, which undoubtedly cheaper, but less friendly to nature. Also, keep in mind, long idle times are not good for the VGT. ISB6.7 fuel injectors also demand attention at 200k mileage. Owners report that 6.7 injectors are more reliable than injectors used in 5.9 version.

Modifications

Dodge ISB 6.7 Truck's Transmissions and Power:

In 2007 the 6.7 liters engine was introduced in 350 hp and 650 ft-lb version with Chrysler-built six-speed 68RFE automatic transmission, and 350 hp and 610 ft-lb modification attached to the Mercedes G56 6-speed manual transmission. The 2007 and newer 3500 trucks had only 305 hp and have being equipped with the Aisin AS68RC or the Mercedes G56 6-speed manual transmission. The 2008 4500/5500 medium duty trucks received the 350 hp and 610 ft-lb version of the engine, which come with the Aisin AS68RC or the Mercedes G56 manual. Since 2011, the 68RFE automatic transmission offered with 350-370hp and 800 ft-lb version of 6.7 liter engine. Since 2013, the Aisin AS69RC transmission became available for 3500 only with B6.7 engine produced 385 hp and 850-900 ft-lb of torque.

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