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ISB 5.9L Engine Review

ISB 5.9L Engine

The ISB 5.9L is a straight-six turbodiesel engine, a member of the B engine family. The ISB engine was replaced its predecessor (the 6BT 5.9L) in 1998. The engine kept the major dimensions but received modern technologies which brought it to the next level of power, fuel consumption, and environmental friendliness.

The engine block is made of cast iron. It has the same sizes of bore and stroke compared to the 6BT. There are forged steel connecting rods, an assembled camshaft, and aluminum pistons featured a symmetrical combustion bowl. The camshaft was installed inside the block. The ISB engine featured a multi-valve pushrod engine design. One of the most recognizable differences is a 24 valve cast iron cylinder head (but still is OHV valvetrain). Each rocker arm pushes two valves. Now the ISB engines use electronically controlled fuel systems (Robert Bosch GmbH) and a rotary type Bosch VP44 Electronic Fuel Injection Pump. The 24v engine had aluminum intake manifold, new single-piece red or silver aluminum valve cover for easiest and faster access to the engine components for servicing.

The next step of ISB evolution was in 2003 when the engine was upgraded to a Bosch high-pressure common rail fuel injection system. The common rail injection increased a power and torque, also noticeably reduced engine noise compared to the previous 24 valve Cummins engines.

In 2001-2002 model year was a standard output and a high output ISB Cummins engines versions. High Output ISB has slightly bigger power (+10hp) and torque (+45 lb-ft) and was being offered with only an NV5600 six-speed manual transmission. A high output or HO 5.9L Cummins had higher compression ratio 17.2:1, larger flywheel, changed fuel injection timing, the Bosch fuel system was tuned, providing more fuel pressure and the additional performance. The 2003 model year high output version offered perceptible 70 horsepower and 95 lb-ft more than the standard output ISB engine. In the last year, 2004, HO models had additional 20 horsepower and 45 lb-ft of torque. The HO Cummins wasn't being offered in California due to harder emissions regulations in this state.

The history of the 5.9 liters ISB engine was ended in 2007. The next engine for light duty trucks from Cummins became more powerful and technologically advanced the ISB 6.7 - the last engine of B series.

Dodge RAM 24 Valve ISB

The ISB engine replaced the old 6BT in the popular Dodge RAM pickup trucks in the middle of 1998. The less powerful 215 hp engine was being equipped with the 47RE automatic transmission until the 2003 model year when 47RE was upgraded to hold more torque capacity and named as 48RE.

Engine Specs

Manufacturer
Cummins
Year
1998-2007
Cylinder Block Material
Cast Iron
Fuel system
1998-2002. Electronically controlled Bosch VP44 rotary injection pump.
2003-2009. Bosch high pre
Configuration
Inline
Number of cylinders
6
Valves per cylinder
4
Stroke, mm
4.72 inch, 119 mm
Bore, mm
4.02 inch, 102 mm
Compression Ratio
16.3:1; 17.2:1 HO version
Displacement, cc
359 cubic inches, 5.9 liters
Power, hp
215-325/2500
Torque, lb ft
420-610 (569-827 Nm)/1400-1600
Engine weight
1150 lbs, 522 kg
Engine oil viscosity
SAE 15W40 diesel oil
Engine oil capacity, liter
12 qts (11.4 liters) with filter.
Oil change interval, mile
7,500 (12,000 km) or 6 month
Oil consumption per 1000 miles as normal
-
Applications
Dodge Ram pickup trucks, buses, medium duty trucks, marines

24 Valve 5.9 Cummins Engine Reliability and Problems

The ISB 5.9 continues to maintain a well-known reputation of the durable, reliable, and powerful diesel engine. An all-iron engine provides a long life span and opportunity for rebuilding. The engine has less camshaft wear; an electric pump rotates by electricity unlike a mechanical fuel pump, which driven by a camshaft by gear on a previous B series engine. However, the electronic system left their mark. The electronic VP44 pump had failure number higher than the older mechanical P7100 injection pump. The common rail injection is very pricy to fix and more sensitive to a quality of fuel.

Modifications

1998 - 2000 model years:
Automatic transmission - 215 hp at 2,700 rpm, 420 lb-ft at 1,600 rpm.
Manual transmission - 235 hp at 2,700 rpm, 460 lb-ft at 1,600 rpm.

2001 - 2002 model years:
Standard version for manual and automatic transmission - 235 hp at 2,700 rpm, 460 lb-ft at 1,400 rpm.
HO version with manual transmission - 245 hp at 2,700 rpm, 505 lb-ft at 1,600 rpm.

2003 model year:
Standard version for manual and automatic transmission - 235 hp at 2,700 rpm, 460 lb-ft at 1,400 rpm.
HO version with manual transmission - 305 hp at 2,900 rpm, 555 lb-ft at 1,600 rpm.

2004 model year:
Standard version for manual and automatic transmission - 305 hp at 2,900 rpm, 555 lb-ft at 1,400 rpm.
HO version with manual transmission - 325 hp at 2,900 rpm, 610 lb-ft at 1,400 rpm.
Cars offered in CA - 235 hp at 2,700 rpm, 460 lb-ft at 1,400 rpm.

2005-2007 model years:
Single version produced 325 hp at 2,900 rpm, 610 lb-ft at 1,600 rpm.

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