ISB 6.7L Engine Review

ISB 6.7L Engine

The 6.7 liters ISB straight-six turbodiesel engine is the last and largest version of the B series. ISB6.7 is also the largest and powerful diesel engine for light and medium duty pickup trucks produced by Cummins (350 hp and 650 lb-ft of torque).

The previous turbodiesel the ISB 5.9 has being produced almost 10 years. It was outdated at that moment and depleted the limits of possibilities for work on fuel consumption and emissions. The market needed in a new engine for medium duty trucks and buses. The 6.7 ISB had an increased cylinder bore (4.21 inches or 106.9 mm) and piston stroke (4.88 inches or 124.0 mm). These dimensions allowed increasing in displacement to 6.7 liters (408 cubic inches). The engine block is made of cast iron as before. On top of the block is a 24 valve cast iron cylinder head similar to ISB5.9 head. The difference between ISB 5.9 and 6.7 cylinder head is the ISB6.7 head has holes (Sensor Hole Style head) from the air intake plenum side. There are many changes over the previous 5.9 liters engine, but in general technical part of the engine is the same as the last generation of B5.9. The engine had high pressure common rail fuel injection system, electronic fuel injection pump, and new equipments for emissions reduction.

The new version was designed guided by tougher requirements on Federal emissions regulations. When it was released in 2007, the engine was the first Cummins diesel equipped with a diesel particulate filter (DPF), which cleans the exhaust gases from more than 90 percent of soot. A diesel particulate filter has a ceramic matrix, which filters soot particles and regenerates them under high temperature, heated by exhaust gases. Also the engine had the exhaust gas recirculation system (EGR) with cooling. In 2010 model year the engine received in an additional DEF (diesel exhaust fluid), SCR (selective catalytic reduction), and EGR cooler that cools EGR gases. DEF is injected into DPF to help regeneration process of soot at lower temperature. So 2 liters of DEF is consumed for every 100 liters of diesel used.

Holset HE351VE variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) is another interesting new feature of the engine. This turbocharger can block exhaust flow to increase temperatures inside the DPF, which reduces emission levels. The VGT also has the integrated exhaust brake function. It does the engine braking by restricting exhaust flow. All ISB6.7 engines are equipped with air-to-air intercooler.

The work under modernization has never being stopped during the last 10 years of production, so the 2017 model year engine produces up to 900 lb-ft of torque. The ISB6.7 also was laid into the basis of a smaller version - ISB4.5 - 4.5 liter straight four cylinders turbodiesel.

Engine Specs

Manufacturer
Cummins
Year
2007- current
Cylinder Block Material
Cast Iron
Fuel system
Direct injection, electronically controlled Bosch high pressure common rail injection.
Configuration
Inline
Number of cylinders
6
Valves per cylinder
4
Stroke, mm
4.88 inch, 124 mm
Bore, mm
4.21 inch, 106.9 mm
Compression Ratio
17.3 : 1
Displacement, cc
408 cubic inches, 6.7 liters
Power, hp
305-385/2800-3000
Torque, lb ft
610-900 (827-1220 Nm)/1500-1700
Engine weight
1050-1150 lbs, 476-522 kg, dry
Engine oil viscosity
SAE 15W40 diesel oil
Engine oil capacity, liter
12 qts (11.4 liters) with filter.
Oil change interval, mile
15,000 (24,000 km) or 6 month (7,500 miles or 6 months for 2007.5 - 2012 model years).
Oil consumption per 1000 miles as normal
-
Applications
Dodge Ram pickup trucks, buses, medium duty trucks

ISB6.7 Reliability, Problems, and Failure

The 6.7 ISB has become the most reliable Cummins B engine to date. In stock form the failure rates are very low. The common problems are related to emissions equipment and common rail injection. EGR system is prone to clogging as in other engines equipped with EGR. Longevity of modern PDF is about 100,000 miles. Some owners buy DPF delete kits out on the market, which undoubtedly cheaper, but less friendly to nature. Fuel injectors also demand attention on 200,000 miles, but there is an opinion that 6.7 injectors are more reliable compare to 5.9 ISB common rail injectors. The long idle times is not good for the VGT.

Modifications

Dodge ISB 6.7 Truck's Transmissions and Power:

In 2007 the 6.7 liters engine was introduced in 350 hp and 650 ft-lb version with Chrysler-built six-speed 68RFE automatic transmission, and 350 hp and 610 ft-lb modification attached to the Mercedes G56 6-speed manual transmission. The 2007 and newer 3500 trucks had only 305 hp and have being equipped with the Aisin AS68RC or the Mercedes G56 6-speed manual transmission. The 2008 4500/5500 medium duty trucks received the 350 hp and 610 ft-lb version of the engine, which come with the Aisin AS68RC or the Mercedes G56 manual. Since 2011, the 68RFE automatic transmission offered with 350-370hp and 800 ft-lb version of 6.7 liter engine. Since 2013, the Aisin AS69RC transmission became available for 3500 only with B6.7 engine produced 385 hp and 850-900 ft-lb of torque.

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