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R18A Engine Review

R18A Engine

The 1.8-liter R18A engine was presented in 2006 for the Honda Civic. This new R-series was created to replace the old D-series engines. The R18 is a replacement for the D17 engine.

It has an aluminum cylinder block and 16 valve SOHC aluminum cylinder head. The aluminum pistons are cooled with oil by piston cooling jets installed in the engine block. The engine got a timing chain instead of a belt as on previous D-series engines. The R18 hasn't hydraulic tappets (checking and adjusting valves are every 25,000 miles or 40,000 km). The valve clearance for intake valves is 0.18-0.22mm, exhaust - 0.23-0.27 mm. The engine already has the variable valve timing Honda's i-VTEC system. There is a plastic variable length intake manifold also.

The R18 engine was modified to achieve more displacement for larger Honda's model such Accord. This 2.0-liter version is R20A engine.

Engine Specs

Manufacturer
Honda Motor Company
Production years
2006-present day
Cylinder block material
Aluminum
Cylinder head material
Aluminum
Fuel type
Gasoline
Fuel system
Fuel injection
Configuration
Inline
Number of cylinders
4
Valves per cylinder
4
Valvetrain layout
SOHC
Bore, mm
81.0 (3.19 in)
Stroke, mm
87.3 (3.44 in)
Displacement, cc
1799
Type of internal combustion engine
Four-stroke, naturally aspirated
Compression Ratio
10.5
Power, hp
140-141 (103-104kW) / 6300
Torque, lb ft
128 (174 Nm) / 4300
Engine weight
223 lbs, 101 kg
Firing order
1-3-4-2
Engine oil weight
0W-20, 0W-30, 5W-20, 5W-30
Engine oil capacity, liter
3.7
Oil change interval, mile
6,000 (10,000 km) or 12 month
Applications
Honda Civic, Honda Cossroad, Honda Stream, Honda FR-V

R18 Engine Problems and Reliability

1. The engine knock. Usually, a canister purge valve produces this sound, this is normal. Also If the adjusting of the valves clearances was long ago, possibly the time has come.
2. The drive belt tensioner produces some noise. Its life is 60,000 miles (100,000 km).
3. Vibrations. If an engine is cold, that is ok. But if vibration continues all time, check the left engine mount.
Using the recommended engine oil is essential. That will keeps the VTEC system in good condition for a long time. The engine life of R18 is about 180,000 miles (300,000 km).

Modifications

1. R18A1 - version of the engine for the Japanese and North American market. 10.5 compression ratio, 141 hp, 128 ft lb (174Nm).
2. R18A2 - European version. 10.5 compression ratio, 140 hp, 128 ft lb (174Nm). Produced since 2012.
3. R18Z1 - version for Southeast Asian 2012+ Civic model. 10.6 compression ratio, 141 hp, 128 ft lb (174Nm).

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